Biolife Health and Wellness aims to provide valuable information on diabetes and prediabetes, two conditions that affect the body's glucose processing. As these conditions continue to increase in prevalence, it is crucial to have a clear understanding of their nature and the distinctions between them.
Let's delve into the dissimilarities between prediabetes and diabetes, as well as explore methods for managing and preventing these conditions.
What is Prediabetes?
Prediabetes refers to a condition where an individual's blood sugar levels are higher than normal but not yet at the level to be diagnosed as diabetes. According to the American Diabetes Association, prediabetes is identified when fasting blood glucose levels range from 100-125 mg/dL. The prevalence of prediabetes is on the rise, with an estimated 470 million people worldwide projected to have prediabetes by 2030. Meanwhile, approximately 415 million individuals globally currently have some form of diabetes, and it is expected that this number will reach 500 million by 2040. People with prediabetes face an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes, and around five to ten percent of those with prediabetes progress to diabetes every year.
Symptoms and Causes of Prediabetes
The exact causes of prediabetes are not fully understood, although genetics and family history may play a role. Prediabetes often exhibits no obvious symptoms, necessitating the diagnosis through blood sugar level testing. If left untreated, prediabetes can progress to type 2 diabetes, which may result in a range of severe health complications.
The following signs indicate that prediabetes has advanced to type 2 diabetes:
- Increased hunger or thirst Frequent urination
- Blurred vision
- Numbness or tingling in the hands and feet
- Frequent infections or slow-healing sores
- Unintended weight loss
The absence of these symptoms does not rule out prediabetes or high blood sugar levels, and only a medical professional can provide an accurate diagnosis. If you are concerned about your blood sugar levels, it is advisable to consult your doctor for further guidance.
What is Diabetes?
Type 1 vs. Type 2 Diabetes is a chronic condition characterized by the body's inability to produce or utilize insulin properly, resulting in elevated blood sugar levels. There are three main types of diabetes: type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disorder in which the body's immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. This condition leads to complications such as high blood sugar levels and ketoacidosis. Type 1 diabetes accounts for approximately five to ten percent of all diabetes cases, often manifesting in childhood or adolescence but capable of developing at any age.
Type 2 diabetes, which comprises the majority of diabetes cases, occurs when the body becomes resistant to insulin and/or fails to produce sufficient amounts to meet its needs. This results in the accumulation of glucose in the blood. Type 2 diabetes is most commonly observed in older adults but can also develop during childhood. Gestational diabetes (GDM) is a form of diabetes that occurs during pregnancy due to changes in glucose tolerance. GDM affects approximately 16.5% of pregnancies worldwide.
Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes
The symptoms of type 1 diabetes can develop rapidly over a few weeks or months. Common signs of type 1 diabetes include:
- Polydipsia, or increased thirst
- Polyphagia, or increased appetite
- Frequent urination
- Unintended weight loss
Try our products for promoting better blood sugar maintenance: