Hypertension is known for the name for high blood pressure. There are severe health complications that can lead to an increased risk of heart disease, stroke, and sometimes death. Keeping blood pressure under control is vital for preserving health and reducing the risk of these dangerous conditions.
Blood pressure is a measure of the force that your heart uses to pump blood around your body. This pressure depends on the resistance of the blood vessels and how hard the heart has to work.
The cause of hypertension is usually unknown. In many cases, it is the result of an underlying condition.
Doctors identify hypertension depending on the condition or disease of the patient. Primary or essential hypertension is high blood pressure that is not due to another condition or disease, while in secondary hypertension if an underlying condition is the cause of increased blood pressure.
Primary hypertension can result from multiple factors, including:
- Blood plasma volume
- Hormone activity in people who manage blood volume and pressure using medication
- Environmental factors, such as stress and lack of exercise
Secondary hypertension has very distinct causes and is a complication of another health problem.
Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is a common cause of high blood pressure, as the kidneys no longer filter out the fluid. This excess fluid leads to hypertension.
Conditions that can lead to hypertension include:
- Diabetes, due to kidney problems and nerve damage
- Kidney disease
- Congenital adrenal hyperplasia, a disorder of the cortisol-secreting adrenal glands
- Hypothyroidism, or an overactive thyroid gland
- Hyperparathyroidism, which affects calcium and phosphorous levels
- Sleep apnea
- Pheochromocytoma, rare cancer an adrenal gland
- Cushing syndrome that corticosteroid drugs can cause
There are numerous factors that increase the risk of hypertension. The primary factor is the Age, Hypertension is more common in people who are more than 60 years of age. Blood pressure can increase steadily with age as the arteries stiffen and narrow due to plaque buildup. What follows will be the intakes, usually, people tend to do what is bad for their health. Regularly consuming large quantities of alcohol or tobacco can increase blood pressure. Another, if you have existing health conditions such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, and high cholesterol levels can lead to hypertension, especially as people age. Other risk factors include may include such as sedentary lifestyle, salt-rich, high fat diet, and low potassium intake.
Poorly managed stress and a family history of high blood pressure can also contribute to the risk of developing hypertension.
Management and treatment
Lifestyle adjustments are the primary treatment for hypertension. Here are some recommendations you might wanna consider to ease hypertension.
- Regular Physical Exercise - People are advised to exercise at least 5 days a week. Here are some examples of suitable activities walking, jogging, cycling, or swimming.
- Stress Reduction - Avoiding or learning to manage stress can help a person control blood pressure. There are ways you can help yourself avoid being stress. You can try meditation, warm baths, yoga or simply going on long walks are relaxation techniques that can help relieve stress.
- Diet - Proper food intake. People can prevent high blood pressure by following a heart-healthy diet.
- Reducing salt intake - The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends reducing intake to under 5 g a day to help decrease the risk of hypertension and related health problems.
- Moderating alcohol consumption - It is advised the men should drink a maximum of 2 alcohol drinks a day and 1 for women.
- Eating more fruit and vegetables - People who have high blood pressure or people at high risk of developing high blood pressure should eat as little saturated and total fat as possible.
- Medication - People can use specific medications to treat hypertension. Doctors will often recommend a low dose at first. Antihypertensive medications will usually only have minor side effects. The choice of medication depends on the individual and any underlying medical conditions they may experience.
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